Measurement makes perfect -  easy baking measurements

Baking measurements

Nothing is quite as satisfying as tucking into a delicious cake you baked yourself. Baking is great fun for all ages, but there is a real science behind it too. It may be tempting to cut corners by ‘guesstimating’ your measurements, but the measuring process is actually detrimental to the end product. Taking the time to weigh your ingredients properly can help you achieve a perfect bake the first time around.

Although using American cups has become more popular in the UK, many recipes still favour traditional baking measurements of grams and millilitres. Whether you want to use an American recipe but want to convert cups to grams, or vice versa, our easy baking measurement guide will help you bake a cake Mary Berry would be proud of. No soggy bottoms here.

What baking measurements are there?

With so many different terms and numbers, it can be tricky to get your head around baking measurements. But, it’s simple to get to grips with them, when you break it down and stick to a couple of methods.

Measuring spoons tend to come in sets of six consisting of different sized tablespoons and teaspoons. Don’t be fooled into using the regular spoons you eat with, as graded spoons are the best for accuracy. When using liquids, simply fill the spoon to the very brim. Do the same for dry ingredients, but you’ll need to level off the overflow with a knife. If it asks for a heaped tablespoon, for example, you won’t have to level it off nearly as much.

Measuring cups are similar to spoons but are for larger amounts. There are two different types: graded and glass. Graded cups are best for dry ingredients and range in size, typically from ¼ cup to a whole cup. Glass cups, on the other hand, are better for liquids and tend to come in whole sizes rather than halves or quarters.

The problem with using spoons and cups is that they aren’t as accurate as when weighing ingredients out using scales, plus it can take longer to measure out each spoonful or cupful rather than weighing a batch. However, using cups and spoons is great if you want to measure the volume or if the recipe specifically calls for it. Sometimes the amount you need is too small to weigh out accurately such as spices, which is where spoons come in handy. Plus, it’s a great alternative if you don’t want to invest in some kitchen scales.

If you’d prefer to weigh out your ingredients as mentioned above, you’ll most likely be using grams for dry products and millilitres or litres for liquids.

Spoons for Measuring 


UK to US baking measurements - dry:

  • 14.3 grams = 1 tablespoon, 3 teaspoons, ½ ounces
  • 28.3 grams = 2 tablespoons, ⅛ cup, 1 ounce
  • 56.7 grams = 4 tablespoons, ¼ cup, 2 ounces
  • 75.6 grams = 5 ⅓ tablespoons, ⅓ cup, 2.6 ounces
  • 113.4 grams = 8 tablespoons, ½ cup, 4 ounces
  • .375 pound = 12 tablespoons, ¾ cup, 6 ounces
  • 1 pound = 32 tablespoons, 2 cups, 16 ounces

UK to US baking measurements - liquid:

  • 30ml = 2 tablespoons, 1 fl. Oz.
  • 60ml = ¼ cup, 2 fl. Oz.
  • 125ml = ½ cup, 4 fl. Oz.
  • 250ml = 1 cup, 8 fl. Oz.
  • 375ml = 1 ½ cups, 12 fl. Oz.
  • 500ml = 2 cups, 1 pint or 16 fl. Oz.
  • 1 litre = 4 cups, 1 quart or 32 fl. Oz.
  • 4 litres = 128 fl. Oz., 1 gallon

Grams to cups by ingredient:

Sometimes it may be more accurate to work out the baking measurements by weighing each ingredient as they often vary in this department. For example, a cup of unmelted butter would weigh significantly more than a cup of flour so you wouldn’t necessarily want to include the same amount of both.

Knowing the grams to cups conversion of popular ingredients can speed up the process, if you’d rather weigh out your ingredients using grams. However, you can also use this guide for reference, if you don’t have scales or are using a recipe that features grams but you’d rather use cups.

Take a look at these easy conversions of essential ingredients from grams to cups before getting stuck into your latest baking project:

  • 1 cup of plain flour = 125g or 4 ½ ounces
  • 1 cup of whole wheat flour = 113 grams or 4 ounces
  • 1 cup of bread flour = 130 grams or 4 ½ ounces
  • 1 cup of cake flour = 115 grams or 4 ounces
  • 1 cup of sifted plain flour = 115 grams or 4 ounces
  • 1 cup of sifted bread flour = 121 grams or 4 ¼ ounces
  • 1 cup of sifted cake flour = 100 grams or 3 ½ ounces
  • 1 cup of rolled oats = 95 grams or 3 ounces
  • ½ cup or one stick of butter = 115 grams or 4 ounces
  • 1 cup of milk = 227 grams, 240 ml or 8 ounces
  • 1 cup of confectioner’s sugar = 120 grams or 4 ¼ ounces
  • 1 cup of sifted confectioners sugar = 115 grams or 4 ounces
  • 1 cup of granulated sugar = 200 grams or 7 ½ ounces
  • 1 cup of brown sugar = 200 grams or 7 ½ ounces
  • ¼ cup of cornstarch = 28 grams or 1 ounce
  • ½ cup of natural cocoa powder = 41 grams or 1.6 ounces
  • 1 cup of yoghurt or sour cream = 227 grams or 8 ounces
  • ½ cup of peanut butter = 135 grams or 4 ¾ ounces
  • ½ cup of maple syrup = 156 grams or 5 ½ ounces
  • 1 tablespoon of honey = 21 grams or ¾ ounce
  • 1 cup chocolate chips = 180 grams or 6 ¼ ounces

Whether you have a big celebration coming up or simply want a tasty treat, be sure to check out the delicious range of cakes from Anges De Sucre.

2 Responses

Nithya lakshmi

Nithya lakshmi

July 13, 2021

Nice I can understand now. Thank you so much. Sister



December 28, 2018

Ooo this was so helpful. I’m always trying to convert uk/us recipes. I defo prefer using the metric system. Its just so much easier

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